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US Used Construction Equipment Market - Outlook and Forecast 2022-2028
The projected growth of the used construction equipment market in the United States is expected to be over 4% annually from 2021 to 2028. By 2028, it is estimated that the market will reach $1.98 billion, compared to $1.5 billion in 2021. Furthermore, it is anticipated that the number of units in the used construction equipment market will reach 54,307 by 2028. One of the key factors driving this growth is the US government’s investment in infrastructure upgrades and renewable energy projects, which is expected to create a demand for used equipment during the forecast period of 2022 to 2028.
Within the used construction equipment market in the US, the Earthmoving segment holds the largest market share. In 2021, other segments such as motor graders, skid loaders, bulldozers, and trenchers also had a significant share within the earthmoving segment.
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USD 1.5 billion in 2020
Type and End User
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The demand for used construction equipment in the US market is primarily driven by infrastructure upgrade projects, including the renovation of commercial buildings, railway stations, airports, repair of runways, and the extension of roadways and bridges in rural areas.
In order to achieve its goal of producing 95GW of power through renewable energy resources by 2025, the US government has been setting up wind farms and solar plants across the country. As the supply chain for new equipment is still recovering, the demand for used equipment is expected to support the industry’s needs.
During the forecast period, less costly equipment with high operational requirements and low life expectancies, such as excavators, backhoe loaders, and forklifts, are expected to experience faster growth compared to more expensive equipment with low operational requirements and long life expectancies, such as motor graders and cranes.
However, the recovery of the supply chain for new construction equipment after the pandemic and the increasing popularity of rental markets pose a significant threat to the demand for used construction equipment in the US market. Nevertheless, due to their diverse portfolios, low acquisition costs, and good resale value, used equipment is expected to remain popular among small contractors for short-term projects.
The disruption of the supply chain for new equipment during the pandemic has contributed to the demand for used construction equipment in the US market. The implementation of lockdown measures by the US government caused a disruption in the supply chain for new equipment, leading to decreased investments by businesses. As a result, there was an increased demand for used equipment in various sectors such as construction, agriculture, mining, and forestry.
Although the US government’s investment in transportation infrastructure projects and economic recovery in 2021 was expected to support the demand for used construction equipment, the volume sales of used equipment decreased, particularly in the age group of 0-10 years. This was mainly due to companies reducing their purchases of used equipment in order to avoid adding more aging machinery to their fleets, as the supply of new equipment was limited. Consequently, prices surged and the volume of used equipment declined in the US market.
Used equipment remains an excellent choice for contractors working on short-term projects. The quick availability, diverse portfolio, and low acquisition cost of used construction equipment make it preferable for contractors to complete projects and then resell the equipment.
Motor graders, which are among the most expensive equipment with an average life expectancy of around 30 years and a price range of $200,000 to $500,000, experienced a surge in demand in the US market in 2020 and 2021. Motor graders have relatively shorter operating hours at construction sites compared to other earthmoving equipment, making them a popular choice among buyers of used equipment. Factors such as the high price of new motor graders, low operating hours at job sites, and long life expectancy contribute to the demand for used motor graders. Due to their long life expectancy, these machines can be resold multiple times.
In 2021, the US Department of Transportation allocated $906 million for redevelopment projects across the country under the Infrastructure for Rebuilding America program. Used heavy construction equipment is a popular choice for these projects, as it offers a lower cost compared to new equipment. The government planned twenty projects in different states to improve major highways, bridges, ports, and railroads nationwide.
The country’s Aviation Administration also planned to invest $1.2 billion in 2021 to upgrade 405 national airports, including runway and taxiway repairs.
Furthermore, road repair projects worth $55 million were approved in Arizona to fix nearly 127 miles of local roads in 2021. Small-scale development projects, such as building libraries and renovating historic courthouses, were also planned in Arizona.
In Howard County, Maryland, a road construction project aimed at improving pedestrian access and safety was underway in 2022. The project focused on improving roadways along Oakland Mills Roads in Columbia and was planned in two phases, expected to be completed by September 2022.
The low buying capacity of farmers following the pandemic has led to an increase in demand for used equipment in the agriculture and forestry sectors. Construction equipment such as mini excavators and loaders are utilized for various activities, including ground leveling, crop loading, fence building, and land clearing. The COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected the US economy, resulting in reduced demand and labor shortages in the agriculture sector. Farmers’ decreased buying capacity has further fueled the demand for used equipment in the US market.
The US government’s focus on renewable energy sources, with a target of producing 25GW of clean energy by 2025, has led to various solar and wind farm projects across the country. The quick availability of used construction equipment compared to new equipment, which was disrupted due to COVID-19 in 2020, is expected to drive the demand for used equipment in these short-term renewable energy projects. The demand for used cranes and mini excavators is projected to grow significantly for solar and wind farm projects.
The US market has experienced a constant increase in prices for used construction equipment. Large earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, dozers, and motor graders, witnessed a 16% rise in prices according to Ritchie Bros. A similar price surge was observed for aerial equipment such as cranes, forklifts, and aerial platforms, as well as medium earthmoving equipment like backhoe loaders, mini-excavators, and trenchers. In Q1 2022, the prices of large earthmoving, medium earthmoving, and aerial equipment increased by 20%, 37%, and 35% respectively. The high demand for construction equipment resulting from increased investment in infrastructure projects nationwide, coupled with the slow recovery of the supply of new equipment in 2021, led to a decline in volume sales of used equipment and subsequently drove up prices in the US market.
The US government’s concern for air pollution has prompted it to take steps to control emissions. The country is following Tier 4 emission standards in 2022, with plans to introduce Tier 5 emission standards by 2024, focusing on reducing nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions. Consequently, the demand for older used construction equipment, which may not meet the upgraded emission standards, is expected to be adversely affected.
Work accident cases in the US construction industry are on the rise. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there were nearly 10 million workers employed in the US construction industry in 2020. The BLS reported that 1,061 construction workers were killed in 2020, accounting for 20% of all work-related deaths in the US. Of these fatalities, 60% were related to crane accidents.
COVID-19 has accelerated the trend of online bidding in the used heavy-duty construction equipment market. In 2020, there was a 35% increase in website traffic and a 71% increase in bidder registrations. This shift to online bidding has expanded the reach of the used equipment market and created new opportunities for data insights for selling companies. Equipment sales experienced significant growth in 2020 due to online bidding facilitated by major auction companies such as Ritchie Bros and Sandhill. Equipment owners can now gain valuable insights to determine the best time to sell or buy equipment based on machine type, usage hours, and age.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including type and end user.
Segmentation by Type
Earthmoving Equipment – Excavator, Backhoe Loaders, Motor Graders, Other Earthmoving Equipment (Other loaders, Bulldozers, Trenchers)
Material Handling Equipment – Crane, Forklift & Telescopic Handlers, Aerial Platforms (Articulated Boom Lifts, Telescopic Boom lifts, Scissor lifts)
Road Construction Equipment – Road Rollers, Asphalt Pavers
Segmentation by End Users
The US market is expected to witness a higher incremental opportunity for used construction equipment equipped with low-carbon emission technology. In 2021, the used earthmoving equipment segment held a substantial share of 41.6% in the overall used construction equipment market. This segment is projected to reach 22,863 units by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 2.14%. Excavators, wheel loaders, and skid loaders play a significant role in this segment, finding applications in various sectors such as construction, mining, agriculture, and forestry. Their versatility makes used earthmoving equipment popular for short-term projects in these industries.
In the construction industry, the construction of skyscrapers and the increasing need for energy-efficient solutions present the highest incremental opportunity for the widely used machine room traction technology. The use of used construction equipment in this industry accounted for 49.4% of the overall market in 2021. By 2028, this segment is expected to reach 27,479 units, growing at a CAGR of 2.34%. Notably, the US government has planned $420 million for 132 infrastructure projects across 31 states, focusing on the rehabilitation of dams, watershed restoration projects, and flood prevention measures. These initiatives further drive the demand for used construction equipment in the market.
Caterpillar holds the dominant position as the market leader in the US used equipment market. The company is expected to excel in selling used earthmoving equipment in 2021.
In 2021, John Deere emerged as the second-largest player in the US used equipment market. The company experienced significant sales of its backhoe loaders, which were among the highest-selling equipment in 2021. Additionally, John Deere also saw noteworthy sales of excavators and mini excavators in the same year.
The US used equipment market is characterized by several prominent vendors, including Caterpillar, Volvo Construction Equipment, Liebherr, Komatsu, Hitachi Construction Machinery, Hyundai Construction Equipment, John Deere, and Kobelco. These companies hold a substantial market presence and contribute significantly to the industry.
Furthermore, other notable vendors operating in the US used equipment market include Terex Corporation, Case Construction, LiuGong, and Tadano. These vendors also play a significant role in the market and offer a range of used construction equipment to meet customer demands.
Key Questions Answered
What is the projected growth rate of the used construction equipment market in Poland by 2028?
The used construction equipment market in Poland is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.82% and reach USD 523.4 million by 2028.
Which factors are driving the demand for used construction equipment in Poland?
Several factors are driving the demand for used construction equipment in Poland, including government investments in infrastructure development under the National Recovery Plan, the redevelopment of roadways, upgrading of railway stations and airports, growth in the warehouse space due to the expansion of the e-commerce and logistics industry, and the focus on increasing renewable energy capacity.
Which segment holds the largest share in Poland’s used construction equipment market?
The earthmoving segment, with excavators being the largest contributor, holds the largest share in Poland’s used construction equipment market. The demand for compact equipment, such as mini excavators and mini loaders, is also gaining market share.
How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the supply of used construction equipment in Poland?
The supply of used construction equipment in Poland was affected during the COVID-19 pandemic as the country heavily relies on imports from other European countries. However, the demand for used construction equipment is expected to remain steady due to increased public infrastructure projects in 2022.
What are the challenges faced by the construction industry in Poland?
The construction industry in Poland faces challenges such as rising construction material and labor costs, labor shortages, shortage of raw materials, and the impact of the Russia-Ukraine War. Additionally, the housing industry has experienced a decline due to rising building material prices and a decrease in housing sales.