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US Construction Equipment Rental Market - Outlook and Forecast 2023-2029
The estimated size of the U.S. construction equipment rental market in 2022 was USD 39.2 billion, and it is projected to reach USD 54.17 billion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 4.73% during the forecast period. In 2021, the Biden-Harris administration signed the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), which aims to enhance the nation’s infrastructure and competitiveness by reconstructing roads, bridges, ports, and airports. The law also includes the modernization of rail systems and the provision of cleaner and more affordable energy. In November 2022, investments in the construction industry reached USD 1,807.5 billion, with USD 1,426.4 billion allocated to private construction. The implementation of BIL, focused on upgrading and renovating the aging infrastructure of the country, is expected to drive the growth of the U.S. construction equipment rental market.
Within the U.S. construction equipment rental market, the material handling segment accounted for the largest share in 2022. Specifically, aerial platforms were the most prominent within the material handling segment due to the construction of various infrastructure and residential projects in the country. For instance, Tres Birds, an architect based in Denver, announced the development of the tallest mass timber building in 2022.
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USD 39.2 billion in 2021
Type and End User
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One notable project contributing to the demand for rental road construction machinery is the Portal Bridge Enhancement Project in New Jersey. This project involves the construction of a high-level, fixed-span railway bridge over the Hackensack River, replacing an outdated swing bridge. With a total value of USD 1.65 billion, the project is expected to be completed by the fourth quarter of 2026. It will improve service in the northeast corridor and stimulate the U.S. construction equipment rental market.
Investments from major companies also play a significant role in driving growth. Intel, for example, announced plans to build two chip factories in Ohio with an investment of over USD 20 billion. General Motors Co. also intends to invest USD 7 billion in developing four manufacturing factories in Michigan, creating thousands of new jobs.
Furthermore, construction projects such as the JPMorgan Chase World Headquarters in New York contribute to the demand for renting aerial platforms. This skyscraper, designed to be the city’s largest all-electric tower, is expected to be completed in 2024 and will offer a large ground-level outdoor space.
In terms of investment trends, the manufacturing industry received USD 121.3 billion in 2021, primarily in chemical manufacturing and computer and electronic products. Real estate, rental, and leasing investments also amounted to USD 43.8 billion. Additionally, greenfield investment reached USD 3.4 billion in 2021.
To upgrade terminals, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) allocated USD 3 billion to improve 3,075 airports across the United States, while the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) provided USD 3.9 billion to strengthen ports, waterways, and supply chains through over 16 construction projects in ten states.
The development of California’s high-speed rail system, spanning 800 miles and connecting major cities like San Francisco, Los Angeles, Sacramento, and San Diego, is estimated to be completed by 2033. The project, costing USD 68 billion, involves federal investment, state bonds, and public-private partnerships. The construction follows environmentally friendly practices, including the recycling of concrete and steel. The transportation system will accommodate up to 1,300 passengers per train and will adopt technology from high-speed trains in Japan, Germany, and France.
The government has committed approximately USD 60 billion to repair surface transportation nationwide. Additionally, the Glassboro-Camden rail line development, estimated to cost USD 1.6 to USD 1.8 billion, is scheduled to be completed in 2028 and will include stops at various stations.
In terms of warehousing, Prologis, a U.S. logistics giant, plans to construct a large warehouse near the airport on a 50,000 square meter site. The warehouse will be 12 meters high and is expected to be completed by Q2 2023. Moreover, Lower Silesia is currently witnessing the construction of over 600,000 square meters of modern warehouses.
The US Department of Transportation (USDOT) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) have allocated around USD 120 billion to improve highways and bridges between 2022 and 2023. In November 2022, a list of over 2,800 bridges was released for upgrades. Additionally, USDOT has committed USD 2.2 billion in the Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) program, which includes 166 projects aimed at modernizing local transportation infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and rails. Furthermore, the Infrastructure Bill has approved Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment Plans under the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) initiative, which involves investing over USD 7.5 billion in the construction of EV charging stations across all 50 states.
In 2022, the US construction industry faced several significant challenges, including rising material prices, labor costs, staff shortages, supply chain issues, and depleted stocks due to global uncertainties. The inflation rate in July 2022 reached a peak of 9.06% in the country, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected an inflation rate of 8.1% for 2023.
According to the US Bureau of Labour Statistics, input prices for non-residential construction increased by more than 24% in 2022. Construction costs rose by 13.2% after January 2022, with highway and street construction costs increasing by 20%, and steel mill product costs soaring by 113%. Supply disruptions have also resulted in a scarcity of new equipment, leading to a surge in equipment prices. These factors create a favorable opportunity for the US construction equipment rental market.
In 2022, US mines produced approximately USD 90.4 billion worth of mineral commodities, marking an increase of USD 9.7 billion compared to 2020. Crushed stone stood out as the leading non-fuel commodity produced in 2021, while metal mine production was valued at USD 33.8 billion in the same year. Copper accounted for 35% of metal mine production, followed by gold (31%), iron ore (13%), and zinc (7%). Arizona, Nevada, Texas, California, Minnesota, Alaska, Utah, Florida, Missouri, and Michigan were the top ten mineral-producing states in 2021.
The Morenci Mine in Arizona, a copper mining project, produced approximately 69.5 Mt of run-of-mine copper in 2021 and is expected to operate until 2044. The North Antelope Rochelle coal mining project generated around 76.5 Mt of run-of-mine coal in 2021 and is scheduled to close in 2047.
To achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 and a 65% reduction by 2030, the US government announced its commitment in 2022. Industries are now shifting towards zero-emission power sources. For example, United Rentals, the world’s largest rental company, partnered with Turner to reduce their environmental impact and assist customers in minimizing their carbon footprint. United Rentals also introduced emissions tracking systems in their rental equipment to allow customers to assess their environmental footprint.
Residential construction in the US declined to its lowest point in 2022 due to high mortgage rates and construction material prices. In October 2022, the average interest rate reached 7.06%, and house prices increased by 40% compared to 2020, reaching USD 525,000. The Federal Reserve predicts mortgage rates to be at 4.6% in 2023, higher than pre-pandemic levels. These high rates have reduced housing demand as buyers need to pay more for mortgages on similarly priced homes. Consequently, the growth of the US construction equipment rental market has been affected, with mortgage applications falling by 38% (the lowest in 25 years) and new single-family home purchases dropping by 10.9% in September 2022.
It is anticipated that US warehouse development will decline in 2023, leading to a 10% to 15% decrease in industrial and leasing activity during the same period. The average warehouse vacancy rate rose to 3.2% in the second quarter of 2022, causing rent rates to increase and raising labor costs. Warehouses near ports experienced a significant rent increase, such as a 24% rise in the Southern California Inland Empire in 2022. The shortage of warehouses is expected to disrupt the logistics sector, potentially impacting the growth of the US construction equipment rental market.
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the construction industry in the US had approximately 440,000 job openings in April 2022. The infrastructure investments announced in the 2021 Infrastructure Bill require more than 300,000 laborers annually to meet the goal of rebuilding infrastructure projects.
The Infrastructure Bill’s spending is expected to commence in 2023 and continue until 2033. It is estimated that the contractor segment will face a shortage of 160,000 workers, while the materials sector and engineering sector will experience a scarcity of 145,000 and 40,000 workers, respectively. Several factors contribute to the labor shortage, including the aging population and a high proportion of unskilled laborers in the industry. Approximately 650,000 skilled laborers are needed in the coming years to meet industry demands.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including type and end user.
Segmentation by Type
Earthmoving Equipment – Excavator, Backhoe Loaders, Motor Graders, Other Earthmoving Equipment (Other loaders, Bulldozers, Trenchers)
Material Handling Equipment – Crane, Forklift & Telescopic Handlers, Aerial Platforms (Articulated Boom Lifts, Telescopic Boom lifts, Scissor lifts)
Road Construction Equipment – Road Rollers, Asphalt Pavers
Segmentation by End Users
Logistics & Warehouse
The US logistics and warehouse sector is set to benefit from the growth in the e-commerce sector and investments in warehouse expansion. As a result, there will be an increased demand for rental forklifts and telehandlers in the US market during the forecast period.
In 2022, the US earthmoving rental equipment segment accounted for 43.0% of the overall construction equipment rental market. This segment is projected to reach $24,218.2 million by 2029, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.32%. It was the largest segment in the US market in 2022. The proposed Infrastructure Bill 2021, which focuses on rebuilding public infrastructure, is expected to further boost the demand for rental construction equipment in the country.
The construction industry is expected to experience significant growth due to government investments in affordable housing, railways, road development projects, airports, and renewable energy projects. In 2022, the application of rental construction equipment in the construction industry accounted for a share of 45.7% of the overall market. This application is projected to reach $25,518.4 million by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 5.19%. The construction industry plays a crucial role in the US economy, with over 745,000 employers and more than 7.6 million employees involved in developing structures worth nearly $1.4 trillion annually.
Prominent vendors in the U.S. construction equipment rental market include Caterpillar, Volvo Construction Equipment, Liebherr, Hitachi Construction Machinery, Komatsu, John Deere, Hyundai Construction Equipment, JCB, and Kobelco.
JCB, John Deere, and Terex are emerging strongly in the U.S. construction equipment rental market. These companies are introducing innovative products to capture a larger share of the construction equipment industry. For example, in 2022, John Deere launched its new large wheeled loaders (744 P-tier, 824 P-tier, 844 P-tier, and 904 P-tier) in the United States.
Other prominent vendors in the U.S. construction equipment rental market include CNH Industrial, Liugong, Tadano, and Terex.
Liebherr, Caterpillar, Volvo Construction Equipment, Komatsu, and Hitachi Construction Machinery are the leaders in the U.S. construction equipment rental market. These companies hold a significant share in the industry and offer a wide range of products.
Caterpillar operates over 60 locations in 25 states across the United States and is a leading exporter from the country. Finning CAT is one of the prime distributors in the United States.
Key Questions Answered
How large is the construction equipment rental market in the United States?
The size of the construction equipment rental market in the United States was valued at USD 39.2 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 54.17 billion by 2029.
What is the growth rate of the construction equipment rental market in the United States?
The construction equipment rental market in the United States is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.73% from 2022 to 2029.
Which companies are prominent in the construction equipment rental market in the United States?
Prominent rental companies in the construction equipment rental market in the United States include United Rentals, Inc., Sunbelt Rentals, Herc Rentals, The Home Depot Rental, Warren CAT, Sunstate Equipment, H&E Equipment Services, Maxim Crane Works, L.P., Briggs Equipment, Uperio Group, and Worldwide Machinery.
What are the key trends in the construction equipment rental market in the United States?
The key trends in the construction equipment rental market in the United States are the integration of advanced technology in the rental fleet to support the country’s goal of achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 and the increasing prevalence of online rental platforms for efficient delivery of construction equipment rentals.
Who are the major players in the construction equipment rental market in the United States?
The major players in the construction equipment rental market in the United States are Caterpillar, Komatsu, Hitachi Construction Machinery, Volvo Construction Equipment, Liebherr, Hyundai Construction Machinery, John Deere, Kobelco, and JCB.