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Poland Used Construction Equipment Market - Outlook and Forecast 2022-2028
In 2021, the estimated size of Poland’s used construction equipment market was USD 402.4 million. It is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.82% and reach USD 523.4 million by 2028. The increase in government investment in infrastructure development under the National Recovery Plan is expected to drive the demand for used construction equipment. It is anticipated that by 2028, approximately 25,885 units of used construction equipment will be sold in the market.
Poland has initiated various infrastructure upgrade projects, such as the redevelopment of roadways under the Road Safety Program. Additionally, the upgrading of railway stations and airports is also expected to boost the demand for used construction equipment in the country. The government’s focus on increasing renewable energy capacity by 2030 through the Energy Policy 2040 will drive the demand for material handling equipment. In 2021, Poland witnessed a significant growth in warehouse space across the country, driven by the expansion of the e-commerce and logistics industry. This growth is expected to positively impact the demand for used forklifts and telescopic handlers in Poland’s used construction equipment market.
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USD 523.4 Mn incremental growth between 2021 and 2026
Type and End User
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The Earthmoving segment holds the largest share in Poland’s used construction equipment market. Excavators accounted for the largest share within the earthmoving segment in 2021. The demand for compact equipment, such as mini excavators and mini loaders, is also gaining market share in the country. Small and medium contractors prefer to purchase used compact equipment for tasks like digging, stone piling, and handling medium-sized loads at construction sites. This preference is driven by the rising labor costs in Poland, prompting contractors to reduce their dependency on construction laborers by investing in these machines.
The European Union Funded Polish National Recovery Plan aims to promote economic activities and prioritize green energy mobility. The allocated funds are distributed among different objectives, including Resilience & Competitive economy (13%), Green mobility (21%), Efficient healthcare system (12%), Digital Transformation (14%), and Green energy (40%).
The supply of used construction equipment was affected during the COVID-19 pandemic as Poland imports nearly 80% of its used construction equipment from Germany, the Netherlands, and other European countries. However, the demand for used construction equipment is expected to remain steady in Poland’s market due to the increase in public infrastructure projects in 2022.
The rise in construction material and labor costs poses a significant challenge in Poland. According to the Polish Association of Construction Industry, prices of construction materials such as iron, steel, cement, and concrete are expected to increase by 22% by 2021.
To drive economic recovery, there has been a surge in infrastructure investment under the National Recovery Plan. In 2021, the European Union granted USD 24.9 billion through its Recovery & Resilience Program. Furthermore, the Polish government unveiled plans to invest USD 44.6 billion in road and railway development. The growth of the transport infrastructure and renewable energy sectors is expected to fuel the demand for earthmoving equipment such as excavators and loaders in Poland’s used construction equipment market.
In 2021, the Polish government introduced Energy Policy 2040 with the goal of developing the renewable energy market. The government aims to increase solar and wind capacity by 32% by 2030. Poland also planned a National Energy and Climate Plan for 2021-2030, targeting ~23% energy production from renewable resources. The country’s solar photovoltaic capacity exceeded 10 GW in May 2022 and is expected to reach 12 GW by the end of the year. Poland aims to further increase solar capacity to 20 GW by 2025. These initiatives toward renewable energy will drive the growth of Poland’s used construction equipment market.
Infrastructure and public transit projects are increasing the utilization of used construction equipment. In 2022, the Polish government doubled its investment in railway development, with USD 2.1 billion allocated for the construction of 1,200 kilometers of railway lines across the country. The National Railways Program, with an investment of USD 75 billion in 2021, focuses on developing 230 infrastructure projects in the railways sector and upgrading 8,999 kilometers of railway lines. These projects aim to modernize the Chorzow-Zdunska Wola region in southern Poland and connect seaports in the Gdansk, Swinoujscie, and Gdynia regions. Such railway development projects will drive the growth of Poland’s used construction equipment market.
The country is also investing in improving roadways and has plans to construct 100 ring roads from 2020 to 2030. In 2020, a fund of USD 5.9 billion was allocated to develop 820 kilometers of ring roads across the country. The growing transport infrastructure is expected to boost the demand for earthmoving and road construction equipment in Poland’s used construction equipment market.
In 2022, the Polish government aimed to increase coal production in the country’s mines to manage soaring energy prices and reduce dependency on Russian energy sources. Poland’s coal mining companies have benefited from the government’s support for coal mining. Revenue in the mining sector increased to USD 5.5 billion in June 2022 compared to USD 2.7 billion in June 2021. The government also provided subsidies for the purchase of coal used for heating purposes in households in 2022. The surge in coal mining activities is expected to drive the demand for large used excavators, cranes, loaders, and motor graders in Poland’s used construction equipment market.
The Polish government promotes cycling to reduce carbon emissions in the transportation industry. Investments have been made in constructing bicycle pathways in various regions of the country. The growing number of cycle pathway projects will drive the demand for used road rollers in Poland’s used construction equipment market. The demand for used smooth-wheeled and pneumatic rollers is expected to grow with the increase in cycle pathway projects across the country.
The Polish construction industry is facing challenges due to a shortage of raw materials and rising costs of labor and energy in 2022. Labor shortage is a significant issue, with nearly 40% of construction companies facing difficulty due to a lack of labor supply. The ongoing Russia-Ukraine War in 2022 has contributed to the depletion of labor, as approximately 80% of foreign labor workers in the industry come from Ukraine. The war has also impacted the supply of raw materials in the Polish market. Rising inflation and energy prices are additional factors affecting the industry. These challenges may restrict the growth of Poland’s used construction equipment market.
The Polish housing industry experienced a sharp decline in 2022 due to rising building material prices and an increase in the number of immigrants from Ukraine. The inflation rate has also affected consumers’ purchasing capacity, resulting in a 21% decline in building permits in January 2022 compared to January 2021. Housing project prices rose by 9.3% in 2022 compared to the previous year, and housing sales significantly declined by 53% in Q2 2022. This decline in the housing market can impact the used construction equipment market in Poland.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including type and end user.
Segmentation by Type
Earthmoving Equipment – Excavator, Backhoe Loaders, Motor Graders, Other Earthmoving Equipment (Other loaders, Bulldozers, Trenchers)
Material Handling Equipment – Crane, Forklift & Telescopic Handlers, Aerial Platforms (Articulated Boom Lifts, Telescopic Boom lifts, Scissor lifts)
Road Construction Equipment – Road Rollers, Asphalt Pavers
Segmentation by End Users
The demand for used construction equipment in the earthmoving segment is expected to experience significant growth, primarily driven by the increased need for excavators and loaders used in excavation, trenching, and gravel loading activities at construction sites. This surge in demand is further supported by a rise in public infrastructure projects throughout Poland. In 2021, the used earthmoving equipment segment accounted for 56.8% of the overall used construction equipment market. It is projected to reach 14,806 units by 2028, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.79%. Used earthmoving equipment holds the largest market share within the used construction equipment market in Poland, with excavators and backhoe loaders being the predominant equipment types. These machines are widely utilized in repair and maintenance projects across various industries, including construction, mining, and renewable energy sectors.
The construction industry is also expected to witness substantial growth, mainly due to government investments in affordable housing, railway and road development projects, as well as the development of airports and renewable energy sources. In 2021, the usage of used construction equipment in the construction industry accounted for 49.6% of the overall market. By 2028, it is estimated to reach 13,150 units, growing at a CAGR of 4.06%. To drive digital transformation, the Polish government has planned investments of $4.8 billion in 2021, aiming to enhance the use of digital technologies in various sectors such as modernizing factories and upgrading public services across the country.
Prominent vendors in the used construction equipment market in Poland include Caterpillar, Volvo Construction Equipment, Liebherr, Komatsu, Hitachi Construction Machinery, XCMG, Hyundai Construction Machinery, JCB, and Kobelco. Other notable vendors in the market are Manitou, TUR Poland, Yanmar, and LiuGong.
In the category of earthmoving equipment, excavators and backhoe loaders from Caterpillar, Volvo Construction Equipment, and JCB hold the strongest market share in the used construction equipment market in Poland.
Yanmar and TUR Poland are niche players in the Polish market, specializing in offering excavators and loaders exclusively.
Hitachi Construction Machinery and Hyundai Construction Equipment are focusing their efforts on developing zero carbon emission equipment specifically for the European markets. In 2022, Hitachi Construction Machinery introduced its first zero-emission 5-ton battery-powered excavator in the European market, showcasing their commitment to sustainable construction solutions.
Key Questions Answered
What is the projected size of the used construction equipment market in Poland by 2028?
The projected size of the used construction equipment market in Poland is expected to reach USD 523.4 million by 2028.
What is the expected number of units to be sold in the used construction equipment market in Poland by 2028?
The expected number of units to be sold in the used construction equipment market in Poland is 25.8 thousand units by 2028.
What is the growth rate of the used construction equipment market in Poland?
The used construction equipment market in Poland is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.82% during the period from 2021 to 2028.
What are the latest trends influencing the growth of the used construction equipment market in Poland?
The growth of the used construction equipment market in Poland is being influenced by trends such as an increase in infrastructure and public transit projects, as well as disruptions in the supply of iron ore in the Polish market, which are driving the demand for used equipment.
Which companies are significant distributors of construction equipment in Poland?
Bellator Sp. Z.o.o, Waryński Trade Sp. z o.o., and Norma Machinery are among the significant distributors of construction equipment in Poland.