Global Smart Harvest Market 2021

Market Overview

The global smart harvest market experienced a valuation of $8,380 million in 2021 and is projected to reach $16,850 million by 2027, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.50% during the forecast period from 2022 to 2027. The growth of this market is primarily driven by the increasing adoption of smart agriculture practices, labor shortage in agriculture farms, and the need for sustainable agriculture.

The labor shortage issue has become a major concern for the entire agriculture industry. Factors such as an aging domestic agriculture workforce, more opportunities in other sectors, rising foreign labor costs, and unexpected disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have widened the gap between the required and available labor. However, labor is crucial for harvesting fruits, vegetables, and staple crops. As a result, agricultural organizations, governments, and non-governmental bodies responsible for agriculture activities are supporting technology-based farming and encouraging farmers to adopt different technologies to improve yields. Mechanization and automation of harvest processes can help address labor shortages, ensure food security, and enhance the skills of the workforce.

Product Type

Market Report

No. of Pages


Release Date

October 2022

Base Year


Forecast Period


Market Size

USD 8.4 billion in 2020

Market Segments

Application, Product, Region



No. of Companies Mentioned


Smart harvesting utilizes harvesting robots and autonomous harvesters, which employ various sensors and imaging systems such as single-shot multibox detectors, ultrasonic sensors, compass sensors, 3D sensors, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), radio-frequency identification (RFID), depth cameras, and RGB cameras. These systems also utilize cloud-based and on-premises software, micro control units, motor drives, displays, autosteering systems, and more. They enable growers to optimize field activities, detect fruit ripeness, and pick produce without wastage or damage. Smart harvesting systems provide real-time data for avoiding mechanical damage during shaking activities, tracking run hours, and monitoring various stages of harvesting. The adoption of smart harvesters is driven by the need to address labor shortages, manage farms efficiently through smart systems, and achieve desired yields without loss.

The smart harvest market is currently in its introductory growth phase. Increased research and development activities in agriculture, growing awareness of technology-based farming, labor shortages, and an aging agricultural workforce in many countries contribute to the increasing demand for smart harvesters such as robotic harvesters and automated tractors. Rising crop production costs and the need for workforce automation further support market growth.

Opportunities in the global smart harvest market include the adoption of robotic technology in agriculture practices and the implementation of sensors and 3D imaging in smart farms. The Asia-Pacific region presents significant opportunities due to its large agricultural sectors, which contribute to the GDP of many countries.

North America generated the highest revenue of $2,290 million in 2021, expected to reach $4,540 million by 2027. The region has experienced rapid growth in the smart farming industry, driven by technological advancements and government support for smart equipment usage. In North America, farmers and growers adopt technologies such as GPS, drones, robots, smart controllers, and monitors to benefit from smart farming.

Europe generated a revenue of $1,740 million in 2021, projected to grow at a CAGR of 10.37% from 2022 to 2027. The high revenue generation is attributed to an increasing use of smart farming systems and investments from the European Commission for IoT-based smart farming. Eastern European countries are expected to drive most of the growth in this region.

The COVID-19 pandemic had a short-term impact on the smart harvest market in 2020 and 2021. However, the market is expected to witness robust growth and recovery as there is increasing demand for smart harvest equipment installation in agriculture farms worldwide to optimize resource utilization in the face of labor shortages. Consequently, the demand for smart harvesters in the agriculture sector is expected to grow during and after the pandemic.

Market Segmentation

The market is segmented based on various factors, including application, product, and region.

Segmentation by Application
Site of Operation – Controlled Environment Agriculture and On-Field Agriculture
Crop Type – Fruits, Vegetables, and Others

Segmentation by Product

Segmentation by Region
North America – U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Rest-of-North America
Europe – Germany, Spain, France, and Rest-of-Europe
Asia-Pacific – Japan, India, Australia, and Rest-of-Asia-Pacific
South America – Brazil, Argentina, and Rest-of-South America
Middle East and Africa – Turkey, South Africa, and Rest-of-Middle East and Africa

The global smart harvest market can be categorized into two application segments: the site of operation and crop type segments. Controlled environment agriculture primarily utilizes smart harvesters to cultivate fresh fruits and vegetables under artificial conditions with minimal labor. On the other hand, autonomous tractors and other robotic harvesters are employed in field agriculture to harvest crops like cotton, apples, and asparagus. Among these segments, on-field agriculture is expected to dominate the global smart harvest market, projected to hold a significant share of $12,636 million in 2027. Autonomous harvesters are increasingly favored by crop growers worldwide for selective harvesting, saving time, energy, and labor costs. This adoption also contributes to addressing food security concerns by increasing yield without wastage. Harvesting robots are fully automated and can determine harvesting schedules based on crop maturity data collected from various software systems.

On-field farming involves growing crops in rows within open-air fields. Due to environmental variations, inconsistent plant development, and other factors like light, wind, and rain, robotic harvesting of on-field crops is more challenging than controlled environment harvesting. The global smart harvest market’s product segment includes various components, such as hardware, software, and services. Among them, the hardware segment is expected to dominate the market, valued at $6,645 million in 2021. This dominance is attributed to the extensive use of robotic arms, robotic chassis, end-effectors, automation systems, monitoring and sensing systems in smart harvest equipment. Hardware components like robotic arms, chassis, end-effectors, RAM, ROM, and CPU ensure the efficient operation and automatic scheduling of smart harvesters and autonomous robots. Additionally, 3D imaging systems with multiple sensors aid in image recognition for accurately picking ripe fruits and mature vegetables.

North America currently leads the global smart harvest market, with high market penetration in countries like the U.S. and Canada, which are expected to showcase robust growth in the next five years. Factors contributing to the region’s growth include technological advancements in agriculture, the emergence of AgTech startups, and government support for smart farming. The U.S. is a key player in this market, with several prominent companies operating globally. The Asia-Pacific region, characterized by rapid climate change, increasing government support, the need for food security, and a growing demand for smart farming, is the fastest-growing market in the smart harvest industry.

Competitive Landscape

The selection of profiled companies was based on inputs gathered from primary experts, as well as an analysis of company coverage, product portfolios, and market penetration.

Prominent market players offer smart harvesters for controlled environment agriculture and field agriculture. Autonomous tractors and smart harvesters are employed in the field to harvest various crops such as cotton, nuts, wheat, hemp, and others. These harvesters are fully automated and can establish harvesting schedules by collecting data from different software systems regarding crop maturity. In some cases, only minimal human labor is required to accompany the robotic harvester during the harvesting process. Apart from reducing labor costs, robotic harvesting offers several advantages. In 2021, the on-field segment accounted for approximately 55.56% of the global smart harvest market, while controlled environment agriculture represented about 44.44% of the market share. Controlled environment agriculture encompasses indoor farms, aquaponic and hydroponic farms, vertical farms, greenhouses, nurseries, and hybrid farms. These facilities rely on artificial lights, humidifiers, sprinklers, controllers, monitors, drones, and robots for their operations. As farmers and growers increasingly seek sustainable agricultural practices, indoor or tech-based farming is gaining popularity. To optimize operational costs, these farms prefer employing robots rather than relying solely on human labor, making harvesting robots highly advantageous for such setups.

Key companies profiled in this report include Agrobot, Harvest Automation, Iron Ox, Dogtooth Technologies Limited, MetoMotion, Mycionics Inc., Panasonic Holdings Corporation, TORTUGA AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., AVL Motion B.V., Harvest CROO, Cerescon BV, Deere & Company, Energid Technologies Corporation, FFRobotics, Ripe Robotics, Robert Bosch GmbH, Vision Robotics Corporation.

Recent Industry Developments

In June 2022, Dogtooth Technologies unveiled its latest lineup of strawberry-harvesting robots, primarily in the United Kingdom and Australia, to address the labor challenges faced by growers.

In November 2021, Iron Ox introduced Grover, a cutting-edge autonomous mobile robot. Designed for durability, hygiene, and exceptional performance, Grover enables Iron Ox to conserve water, land, and energy resources.

In November 2021, Fieldin completed the acquisition of Midnight Robotics with the objective of advancing its autonomous platforms. This strategic move aimed to develop a state-of-the-art sensor-based platform integrated with driving technologies, enhancing the day-to-day farm management processes.

In February 2019, OCTINION launched Rubion, a robotic system specifically designed for strawberry picking. Equipped with advanced navigation capabilities, Rubion identifies ripe strawberries, delicately harvests them without causing any damage, and neatly places them in its punnet.

Key Questions Answered

What is the projected revenue and compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the global smart harvest market during the forecast period 2022-2027?

What are the key market trends, drivers, and opportunities in the global smart harvest market?

What are the main factors restricting the growth of the global smart harvest market?

What strategies are existing market players adopting to expand their market share in the smart harvest industry?

Based on recent developments, product offerings, and regional presence, what is the competitive strength of the key players in the global smart harvest market?

How do the key players in the food sector of the global smart harvest market compare in terms of market coverage and potential?

What is the anticipated revenue and growth rate for each segment during the forecast period?

Who are the players and stakeholders operating in the smart harvest market ecosystem, and what is their significance in the global market?

Which region constitutes the largest market for the global smart harvest market?

What are the future scenarios and revenue projections for different regions and countries in the global smart harvest market, including North America, South America, Europe, the UK, China, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East and Africa?

Original price was: USD 5,250.Current price is: USD 3,150.

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Global Smart Harvest Market 2021

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