Global Indoor Distributed Antenna System (DAS) Market 2021
The global indoor DAS market is projected to reach $17.16 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 11.66% during the forecast period of 2022-2031. This growth is driven by factors such as increasing mobile data traffic, the need for enhanced cellular capacity in public venues, improved coverage in buildings, and growing demand for enterprise mobility.
Indoor distributed antenna system (DAS) solutions are becoming increasingly important for indoor wireless connectivity in various settings, including offices, shopping complexes, and transportation infrastructure buildings worldwide. The demand for indoor DAS solutions has been fueled by factors such as growing mobile data traffic, the need for enhanced cellular capacity in public venues, improved coverage in buildings, and the demand for enterprise mobility. Traditionally, distributed antenna systems have been used to boost cellular coverage and capacity in venues like airports and commercial spaces.
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USD 5.8 billion in 2020
Application Type, Solution Type, Distribution System Type, Business Model, User Facility Type, Signal Source, Region
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However, there is now a significant demand for these solutions to enhance indoor wireless connectivity in hospitality venues, manufacturing and warehouse facilities, and healthcare settings. With the rapid deployment of 5G technology in developed economies, the demand for indoor DAS solutions is expected to increase even further. Neutral host companies have also played a crucial role in the rapid growth of the indoor DAS market by providing open access to cellular service providers, mobile network operators, and carriers, thereby facilitating higher indoor wireless connectivity levels. Carriers recognize the complexity and potential of indoor 5G DAS solutions and understand that neutral host companies are essential to unlocking their full potential. The neutral host model provides carriers with an industrial wholesale model to host their communication services, reducing time-to-market and facilitating a smoother indoor DAS deployment process. Long-term CapEx investments by neutral host companies are critical for indoor 5G DAS deployments.
The latest advancements in telecom technology are driving the indoor DAS industry into a new era. Buildings are being equipped with cutting-edge indoor wireless solutions to meet the growing demand for improved coverage and capacity indoors. Indoor DAS vendors are collaborating with telecom operators to develop, test, and launch new indoor DAS solutions worldwide, which is expected to contribute to significant market growth in the coming years.
The indoor DAS market is undergoing a transformation as end-users transition from legacy indoor DAS solutions (2G/3G/4G) to 5G indoor DAS solutions and from non-open radio access network (O-RAN) solutions to O-RAN solutions. The penetration of 5G technology has significantly increased across major markets in recent years (2020-2022), largely due to the collaboration between carriers and their partners in the telecom ecosystem, as well as government efforts to promote digital transformation.
Several factors are driving the indoor DAS market, including increasing user demand for enhanced indoor network coverage and capacity, rising mobile data traffic due to the popularity of video-based mobile applications, and advancements in indoor wireless network technologies.
Indoor DAS solution providers are investing heavily in R&D and partnering with other key stakeholders in the indoor DAS ecosystem to develop advanced solutions. With the growing demand for reliable indoor network coverage in commercial and residential buildings, the demand for indoor DAS solutions is expected to increase significantly in the coming years.
However, there are also limitations to the indoor DAS market, such as challenges associated with designing and deploying indoor distributed antenna systems and complexities related to upgrading existing DAS deployments.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including application type, solution type, distribution system type, business model, user facility type, signal source, and region.
Segmentation by Application Type
Manufacturing and Warehouse
Segmentation by Solution Type
Hardware – Antenna Nodes/Radio Nodes, Donor Antenna, Bidirectional Amplifiers, Radio Units, Head-End Units, and Others.
Services – Installation Services, Pre-Sales Services, and Post-Installation Services
Segmentation by Distribution System Type
Segmentation by Business Model
Segmentation by User Facility Type
>500K sq. ft.
200K-500K sq. ft.
<200K sq. ft. Segmentation by Signal Source Off-Air Antennas Base Transceiver Station Small Cells Segmentation by Region North America Europe U.K. China Asia-Pacific and Japan Rest-of-the-World In 2021, the commercial building segment was the dominant application type in the indoor DAS market. This was due to the increasing need for fast and reliable indoor wireless coverage in commercial spaces such as offices and shopping centers. The prominent application types for indoor DAS solutions include commercial buildings, hospitality, government, healthcare, educational institutes, manufacturing and warehouses, transportation, sports venues, and residential buildings. Commercial buildings, especially offices and shopping complexes, require enhanced coverage and capacity to accommodate high mobile data traffic resulting from higher footfall. With the rollout of 5G services, the demand for indoor DAS solutions in commercial buildings is expected to remain the highest compared to other building types in the foreseeable future. The hardware segment dominated the indoor DAS market in terms of solution types in 2021, primarily due to the high cost of indoor DAS solutions. However, with the upcoming launch of non-ORAN solutions and 5G indoor DAS solutions between 2023 and 2024, the services segment is expected to witness faster growth than the hardware segment. Currently, the hardware segment generates larger revenues, but the service segment is projected to surpass it in revenue with the introduction of O-RAN indoor DAS solutions and increased adoption of digital DAS solutions. Hybrid DAS solutions dominated the indoor DAS market in 2021. These solutions provide improved coverage and capacity in a cost-effective manner compared to the other distribution system types, namely active and passive DAS. The indoor DAS market is primarily categorized into active, passive, and hybrid distribution system types. Currently, hybrid DAS solutions are preferred due to their ability to meet capacity and coverage needs at a lower cost compared to active DAS solutions, making them suitable for various building types. Over the next decade, passive DAS solutions are expected to phase out in major indoor DAS markets, while active DAS solutions will experience significant demand growth. In terms of business models, the carrier segment generated the highest revenues in 2021. However, the neutral host segment is expected to have faster growth compared to other business models due to the significant reduction in capital expenditure (CapEx) offered by the neutral host business model for carriers' indoor DAS infrastructure. The indoor DAS market consists of three business models: carrier, enterprise, and neutral host. Carrier-owned/managed DAS sites currently generate the majority of DAS revenues, especially in major markets like the U.S. and Europe. However, the neutral host business model is projected to witness the highest growth between 2022 and 2031. This growth can be attributed to the adoption of indoor 5G DAS solutions, where only a few established carriers are willing to pay the CapEx cost in tier-1 venues, while most carriers are interested in offering their indoor DAS services through neutral host sharing. Among different user facility types, buildings/venues with more than 500,000 square feet dominated the indoor DAS market in 2021. This is due to the widespread deployment of indoor DAS solutions in large floor space buildings/venues. The >500K sq ft segment accounted for the highest indoor DAS revenues in 2021, mainly in commercial spaces, transportation infrastructure buildings, and sports venues that typically fall into this category. Active DAS solutions are expected to further increase revenue generation for the >500K sq ft user facility type in the coming years.
By signal source, the base transceiver station segment dominated the indoor DAS market in 2021 and is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. However, the small cells segment is projected to grow faster compared to off-air antennas and base transceiver stations due to the cost-effective indoor coverage solutions it offers. In the indoor DAS market, three signal sources are utilized: off-air antennas, base transceiver stations, and small cells. Base transceiver stations are primarily used for indoor DAS sites to meet the large capacity and coverage needs of users. As the deployment of indoor DAS solutions increases in venues with high capacity requirements, the base transceiver station segment will continue to generate the highest indoor DAS revenues among all signal sources.
North America was the dominant region in the global indoor DAS market in 2021. This can be attributed to the increasing penetration of indoor DAS solutions in public venues, growing demand for reliable network coverage in commercial and residential buildings, and the presence of leading global indoor DAS solution providers in the region. However, China is expected to register faster growth compared to other regions during the forecast period. This growth is driven by large-scale deployments of indoor DAS solutions, increasing research and development (R&D), and a growing number of validation tests for advanced indoor DAS solutions conducted by indoor DAS solution providers in collaboration with leading telecom operators in the country.
The demand for indoor DAS solutions varies across regions depending on factors such as cellular subscriber numbers, growth of commercial building infrastructure, and adoption of 5G telecom technology. In 2021, North America had the highest demand for indoor DAS solutions due to a large number of cellular subscribers and rapid growth of commercial building infrastructure. The adoption of 5G telecom technology is also increasing significantly in other major markets such as China, Japan, and India.
The selection of profiled companies was based on inputs obtained from primary experts and an analysis of company coverage, product portfolio, and market penetration.
The indoor distributed antenna system (DAS) market is primarily led by three key players: CommScope Inc., SOLiD, and Sunwave Communications Co. Ltd. These companies collectively held approximately 55% of the market share in 2021, while the remaining players accounted for around 45% of the market share.
Key companies profiled in this report include CommScope Inc., Comba Telecom Systems Holdings Limited, Corning Incorporated, Zinwave, Sunwave Communications Co., Ltd., Fujitsu, Mavenir Systems, Inc., Airspan Networks Inc., SOLiD, JMA Wireless, Boingo Wireless, Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (Ericsson), Nokia Corporation, ZTE Corporation, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Recent Industry Developments
In November 2021, an agreement was announced between JMA Wireless and Kyocera Corporation to collaboratively develop a 5G millimeter-wave backhaul system.
In August 2021, BAI Communications selected SOLiD to provide DAS solutions in the London Underground.
In July 2021, Comba Telecom Systems Holdings Limited successfully deployed its ComFlex Pro solution to assist 3 Hong Kong, a mobile network operator, in expanding and enhancing its indoor network coverage for 5G.
In October 2020, Comba Telecom Systems Holdings Limited initiated various technology validation and trials for open-radio access network (O-RAN) with leading operators across Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Australia, and other regions.
In February 2019, CommScope Inc. and INWIT entered into a collaboration agreement aimed at improving mobile connectivity solutions in crowded venues and historical landmarks in Italy. Under this agreement, CommScope installed its fully digital cloud-RAN (C-RAN) antenna systems for several multi-operator projects throughout Italy.
Key Questions Answered
What are the key factors and trends influencing the indoor DAS market?
How are existing players in the market improving or maintaining their market positioning, and what strategies are new players adopting as they enter the market space?
What are the different market segments based on application type, solution type, distribution system type, business model, user facility type, and signal source? How are these segments expected to perform in the coming years?
What are the latest developments in various countries around the world regarding the development of indoor DAS solutions, and what are the consumption patterns in these countries?