Global 2D Materials Market 2021

Market Overview

The global 2D materials market is expected to reach $4,000.0 million by 2031, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25.3% during the forecast period of 2022-2031. Two-dimensional (2D) materials are a category of nanomaterials that are known for being one or two atoms thick. Graphene is currently the most frequently associated substance with 2D materials. These materials possess characteristics such as high durability, compact size, flexibility, and excellent electrical and thermal conductivity. Some examples of 2D materials include hexagonal boron nitride, graphene, Mxenes, and black phosphorus. They find applications in various industries such as consumer electronics, aerospace and defense, semiconductors, biomedical, composites and coatings, automobiles, and energy storage devices.

The market for 2D materials has experienced increased demand due to the rising sales of electric vehicles. According to the International Energy Association (IEA), battery electric vehicle and plug-in hybrid vehicle sales nearly doubled between 2020 and 2021, reaching 6.6 Tons. Despite supply chain pressures, electric vehicle sales in the first quarter of 2022 reached a record of about 2 Tons. The growing adoption of electric vehicles has led to increased demand for 2D materials in areas such as displays, lighting, and batteries.

Product Type

Market Report

No. of Pages


Release Date

April 2023

Base Year


Forecast Period


Market Size

USD 4000 Mn incremental growth between 2021 and 2026

Market Segments

End User, Material Type, Region



No. of Companies Mentioned


However, the increasing complexity of advanced precision optical components systems has resulted in higher component costs. Additionally, the shortage of skilled workforce in the optics industry poses a significant challenge to the growth of the 2D materials market. Supply chain constraints, rising inflation, geopolitical issues, and market volatility also present challenges. Furthermore, higher investment costs hinder market growth.

The rising demand for 2D materials in consumer electronics, energy storage devices, and biomedical devices is one of the main drivers of the market. This demand has also extended to areas such as composite and coatings, semiconductors, drug delivery, and photodetectors. Worldwide computer sales increased by 34% between 2019 and 2021, while smartphone sales increased by 1%, according to the Consumer Electronics Association. These increases can be attributed to COVID-19 restrictions and increased consumer time spent working and studying at home. The adoption of smart medical devices has also increased, with approximately 2 million different types of medical devices categorized into more than 7000 generic device groups in 2021, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Consequently, the increasing sales of consumer electronics and biomedical devices are driving the demand for 2D materials that enable continuous operation with high precision.

The anticipated growth in end-use industries such as composite and coatings, energy storage devices, electronics, semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, and others is expected to drive the demand for 2D materials. Furthermore, the increasing adoption of non-graphene 2D materials such as Mxene, TMDCs, Hexagonal boron nitride, and others in the healthcare industry is expected to further fuel market advancement during the forecast period of 2022-2031. However, the high cost of production may hinder market growth in the future.

The growing demand for energy storage devices and electronics is the main driver behind the increasing interest in the 2D materials market. These materials are gaining prominence in various industries, including composite and coatings, electronics, semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, and energy storage devices. Composite and coatings, in particular, have created opportunities for both existing market participants and new entrants.

Furthermore, 2D materials have a moderate to high impact on end-user industries, and this impact is anticipated to increase in the future with the increased production of consumer electronics, electric vehicles, biomedical devices, and other applications.

The impact of COVID-19 on the 2D materials market was moderate. Sales of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) significantly decreased in 2020, but rebounded spectacularly in 2021. In the healthcare industry, the 2D materials market experienced positive effects from the pandemic and has continued to grow. The outbreak of COVID-19 has increased the use of 2D materials in the biomedical sector for infection control practices and the production of biosensors to detect viruses and infections.

The demand drivers for the global 2D materials market include the growing adoption of these materials in energy storage, strong growth in the healthcare industry, and the increasing demand for transparent conductive films in the electronics industry. However, the market may face limitations due to challenges such as the lack of large-scale production of high-quality graphene and high production costs.

Market Segmentation

The market is segmented based on various factors, including material type, end user, and region.

Segmentation by End User
Composite and Coatings
Energy Storage Devices

Segmentation by Material Type
Black Phosphorous
Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Hexagonal boron nitride

Segmentation by Region
North America – United States and Canada United States, Canada, and Mexico
Europe – United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Rest of Europe
Asia-Pacific – China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Latin America – Brazil, Argentina, and Rest of Latin America
Middle East and Africa – Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and Rest of Middle East and Africa

In 2021, the composite and coatings segment was the leading segment in the 2D materials market, driven by increasing consumer demand for consumer electronics, interactive packaging, radiofrequency sensing, and other products. This surge in demand has also fueled interest in flexible energy storage battery technology, where 2D materials have potential applications. Specifically, 2D nanostructured components, such as graphene (G), graphene oxide (GO), and hexagonal boron nitride (H-BN), play a crucial role in enhancing the fatigue resistance of protective coatings. These components are complexed using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to create functionalized graphene (FG), graphene oxide (FGO), and hexagonal boron nitride (FH-BN) based waterborne epoxy composite coatings.

Moreover, there is increasing attention towards replacing traditional and rigid electrical parts and switchgear with more flexible and adaptable systems like narrow plastic products, fabrics, and foams. In response, formulations containing innovative nanoparticles have been developed to meet the demand for environmentally friendly, biocompatible, and economically viable conductive inks for these substrates. 2D materials, particularly graphene and MXenes, have garnered significant interest due to their ease of manufacturing, high electrical conductivity, and compatibility with existing production methods.

By material type, the graphene segment dominated the 2D materials market in 2021. The growing demand from end-use industries such as consumer electronics, medical devices, aerospace and defense, and semiconductors can be attributed to graphene’s superior electrical and thermal conductivity. Graphene, a translucent form of carbon derived from graphite, offers durability comparable to heavy steel. It finds extensive use across various industries due to its wide range of applications. Additionally, graphene’s attributes, such as its enormous surface area and adsorbent strength, make it valuable as a catalyst in the chemical sector.

China, Asia-Pacific, North America, and Europe are the major regions expected to drive the use of 2D materials. China and Europe have established strong ecosystems for the 2D materials industry, with a concentration of key market players. Collaborations between producers, suppliers, and consumers of 2D materials are widespread globally. China, in particular, has experienced significant growth in its automobile industry, driven by government support, a growing economy, rising disposable incomes, and other factors. With the development of innovative vehicles, the demand for 2D materials in China has also increased. The fragmented market and rapid growth in the electronics and transportation industries have likewise led to growing demand for 2D materials in Asia-Pacific and China. The industrial and aerospace sectors in these regions have expanded significantly as well.

In North America, which includes the United States, Canada, and Mexico, the end-use industries for 2D materials encompass electric vehicles, smartphones, laptops, electronic wearables, healthcare, smart packaging, and others. These industries are rapidly expanding with decreasing prices and advancing technologies. 2D materials are utilized to optimize the performance metrics of electrical components in these industries, such as low current fluctuations, energy consumption, and high electron mobility. Additionally, 2D materials are highly regarded in the field of energy storage systems. As the share of renewable energy increases and governments focus on reducing carbon emissions, the demand for energy storage technologies is expected to rise. With the installation of more renewable energy sources, the demand for energy storage batteries, and consequently 2D materials, is projected to increase. For example, the International Renewable Energy Agency estimates a 38 GW (+9.0%) increase in renewable energy capacity in North America from 2019 to 2021, reaching 458 GW.

Competitive Landscape

The selection of the profiled companies was based on input gathered from primary experts, analysis of company coverage, product portfolio, and market penetration.

The global 2D materials market has been divided into different end-user segments. As of 2021, composite and coatings accounted for approximately 35.1% of the market. Energy storage devices and the electronics industry accounted for around 22.7% and 14.9%, respectively. Semiconductor, pharmaceutical, and automobile industries accounted for 6.1%, 3.1%, and 8.2% of the total demand, respectively. Other end-use industries made up 9.9% of the total market demand in terms of value.

Key companies profiled in this report include 2D Materials Pte Ltd., 2D Water, 6Carbon Technology, ACS Material LLC, American Elements, AVANZARE INNOVACION TECNOLOGICA S.L., BASF SE, Blackleaf, Cabot Corporation, Garmor Tech, Layer One, NanoXplore Inc., Nitronix Nanotechnology Corporation, Ossila Ltd., PlanarTECH LLC, Smart-elements GmbH, Thomas Swan & Co. Ltd., XlynX Materials Inc.

Recent Industry Developments

In September 2021, Colloids Limited unveiled a new infrastructure for tailored polymeric materials utilizing its innovative graphanced graphene masterbatch advanced technologies. Graphene, known for its exceptional qualities, has garnered significant interest due to its remarkable mechanical properties and superior thermal and electrical conductivity.

In December 2021, Black Swan Graphene Inc. entered into a legally binding letter of intent to acquire Dragonfly Capital Corp. through a reverse merger agreement amounting to $31.5 million. On December 13, 2021, Black Swan Graphene Inc. and Dragonfly Capital Corp. agreed to exchange shares in a reverse merger transaction. Under this arrangement, Black Swan’s stockholders would receive 15.2 consideration shareholdings for each ordinary share of Black Swan they own.

In September 2022, NanoXplore acquired the assets of XG Sciences, resulting in a significant enhancement of its intangible assets related to graphene and battery materials enriched by graphene. This acquisition also accelerates the company’s entry into the rechargeable battery material market.

Key Questions Answered

What are the primary obstacles to scaling up 2D materials, and what strategies can be employed to overcome them?

In what areas do you perceive a significant need for additional research and development efforts?

How does the supply chain operate in the global 2D materials market for end users?

What are the key business and corporate strategies employed by manufacturers of 2D materials involved in the global market?

What are the advantages of the emerging 2D materials entering the market, and how are they utilized in various applications?

Which applications (categorized by end user) and product segments (classified by material type) are currently dominating the consumption of the 2D materials market, and which of these segments are expected to experience substantial demand growth during the period of 2022-2031?

Which regions and countries are leading in terms of consumption within the global 2D materials market, and which of them are anticipated to witness significant demand growth between 2021 and 2031?

What are the most promising opportunities for enhancing the efficiency of 2D materials?

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the global 2D materials market?

How has the semiconductor crisis impacted the 2D materials market?

Global 2D Materials Market 2021

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Global 2D Materials Market 2021

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Global 2D Materials Market 2021

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