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China Construction Equipment Market - Outlook and Forecast 2022-2028
The China Construction Equipment market exhibited a value of USD 57.66 billion in 2021 and is anticipated to reach USD 78.70 billion by 2028, reflecting a steady Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 4.70%.
In 2021, the material handling segment captured the largest market share as a result of the growing demand for prefabricated construction and port development projects.
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USD 57.7 billion in 2020
Type and End User
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The construction industry in China is poised to witness significant demand, primarily driven by the build, reconstruct, renovate, and revitalize program, which is expected to further dominate the construction equipment market in the forecast period. Prominent projects such as the Liuzhou-Wuzhou Railway Line (USD 4,793 million), Zengcheng-Foshan Expressway (USD 2,376 million), and others are projected to bolster the demand for various types of construction machinery, including earthmoving, material handling, and road construction equipment, in China. The Chinese government’s focus on infrastructure improvement, with an investment of USD 573 billion and approval of numerous projects, will also contribute to the growth of the construction equipment market.
The implementation of affordable government housing initiatives will drive demand for construction equipment. The government aims to construct 300,000 affordable rental homes by 2025, with approximately 60,000 units scheduled for completion by the end of 2022. In the 2021 budget plan, USD 23.6 billion was allocated for housing development.
The increasing adoption of prefabricated construction methods is fueling the demand for cranes. It is estimated that by 2030, 30% of newly constructed buildings in China will be prefabricated, as Chinese infrastructure developers embrace this technique.
China boasts a highly skilled workforce across various sectors, with a literacy rate of 96.8%. This proficient labor pool has facilitated foreign investment in China.
Compared to most developed countries, China maintains a relatively more cost-effective environment, particularly in the manufacturing sector. China’s robust business ecosystem, competitive currency practices, and favorable tax policies are some advantages that drive its attractiveness for conducting business and contribute to the growth of the construction equipment market.
In its 14th Five-Year Plan spanning from 2021 to 2025, the Chinese government allocated USD 573 billion for infrastructure improvement in 2021. This plan is focused on enhancing roadways, highways, and airports throughout the country. As of December 2021, approximately 97% of this amount (approximately USD 555.81 billion) had been issued. The government announced several projects, including the expansion of railways by 19,000 kilometers, out of which 12,000 kilometers will be dedicated to high-speed rail, the development of public roads spanning 302,000 kilometers, with 29,000 kilometers designated as expressways, the construction of at least 29 new passenger airports, and the expansion of urban transit rail mileage by 3,400 kilometers.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including type and end user.
Segmentation by Type
Earthmoving Equipment – Excavator, Backhoe Loaders, Motor Graders, Other Earthmoving Equipment (Other loaders, Bulldozers, Trenchers)
Material Handling Equipment – Crane, Forklift & Telescopic Handlers, Aerial Platforms (Articulated Boom Lifts, Telescopic Boom lifts, Scissor lifts)
Road Construction Equipment – Road Rollers, Asphalt Pavers
Segmentation by End Users
According to projections, the material handling equipment segment in China is expected to experience a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 3.51% by 2028, reaching a total of 1,231,112 units. In 2021, this segment accounted for 70.8% of the overall construction equipment market in China. Material handling equipment is primarily utilized in various industries such as construction, manufacturing, cargo handling, logistics, warehousing, and mining. The China 2021-2025 development plan included the announcement of 102 major projects, which will contribute to the demand for material handling equipment in the country.
Furthermore, the construction equipment market in China is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.74% by 2028, with an estimated total of 1,043,010 units. In 2021, construction equipment accounted for 55.2% of the overall market share. The country is experiencing an increase in civil engineering activities as a result of heightened government investments in transportation and infrastructure development projects. These factors are expected to drive the growth of the construction equipment market in China.
The major players in the Chinese construction machinery market include XCMG Group, SANY Group, Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Co. Ltd., Caterpillar, Komatsu Group, Volvo Construction Equipment, Hitachi, Ltd., Liebherr Group, KUBOTA Corporation, JCB, Lingong Group Jinan Heavy Machinery Co., Ltd. (LGMG), Hyundai Doosan Infracore, Kobelco Construction Machinery, Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd., and Fayat Group.
XCMG Group, Caterpillar, Volvo, Komatsu Group, SANY Group, and Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Co. Ltd. are the market leaders, collectively holding almost 85% of the overall construction equipment market share in 2021.
These companies, namely XCMG Group, Caterpillar, Volvo, Komatsu Group, SANY Group, and Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Co. Ltd., have a significant presence in the Chinese construction machinery market. They possess robust distribution networks and extensive experience in China.
LGMG has been serving customers in China for over 50 years. However, it lags behind SANY Group in terms of innovation, despite SANY having less than 35 years of experience in the region. In early 2022, SANY introduced its first 300-ton electric-drive front shovel.
In 2022, Kobelco Construction Machinery launched two new next-generation construction equipment models.
Key Questions Answered
WHO ARE THE MAJOR PLAYERS IN THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT MARKET?
The key players in the Chinese construction equipment market include XCMG Group, SANY Group, Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Co. Ltd., Caterpillar, Komatsu Group, Volvo, Hitachi, Ltd., Liebherr Group, KUBOTA Corporation, JCB, Lingong Group Jinan Heavy Machinery Co., Ltd. (LGMG), Hyundai Doosan Infracore, Kobelco Construction Machinery, Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd., and Fayat Group.
WHAT ARE THE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEW ENTRANTS IN THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY?
New entrants in the Chinese construction equipment industry can benefit from the growth in the construction, manufacturing, mining, and renewable energy sectors. The increasing government investments in these areas create opportunities for new players to cater to the rising demand for construction equipment in the Chinese market.
WHAT ARE THE EMERGING INDUSTRY TRENDS THAT ARE IMPACTING THE GROWTH OF THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT MARKET?
The Chinese construction equipment market is experiencing a shift towards fuel-efficient machinery due to concerns about climate change. This trend has led to a growing demand for electric and green hydrogen fuel-based construction equipment in China. Major original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the region, such as Volvo, have introduced innovative solutions like the I-Save intelligent fuel-saving system and China’s first ECR25 electric mini crawler excavator, which are driving the industry’s growth.
HOW WILL DIFFERENT EQUIPMENT TYPES, INCLUDING MATERIAL HANDLING, EARTHMOVING, AND ROAD CONSTRUCTION, CONTRIBUTE TO THE GROWTH OF THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY?
In 2021, the major equipment types contributing to the growth of the Chinese construction equipment industry were forklifts and telescopic handlers (80.2%), excavators (70.9%), and road rollers (86.3%). Material handling and earthmoving equipment had a higher share due to various government investments in infrastructure, manufacturing, mining, and renewable energy projects. These sectors create significant demand for forklifts, telescopic handlers, and excavators, while road construction projects drive the demand for road rollers, indicating their crucial role in the industry’s growth.