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APAC Data Center Colocation Market - Outlook and Forecast 2022-2027
The APAC data center colocation market experienced substantial growth in recent years, with an investment value of USD 12.06 billion in 2021. It is projected to reach USD 18.23 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 7.13%. This region has become the fastest-growing market, attracting investments from both global and local colocation data center operators.
China, India, Australia, Japan, Singapore, and Hong Kong were the prominent markets that witnessed significant investments in colocation data centers in the APAC region in 2021. China alone accounted for over 35% of the market share.
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USD 12.1 billion in 2020
Colocation Service, Infrastructure, Electrical Infrastructure, Mechanical Infrastructure, Cooling Systems, General Construction, Tier Standards, and Region
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Colocation service providers are actively adopting renewable energy sources and implementing measures to reduce their carbon footprint, contributing to sustainable data center development. The market is also expected to see new entrants through mergers & acquisitions and joint ventures, leading to increased investments.
The APAC colocation market is divided into retail and wholesale segments. In 2021, the retail colocation sector accounted for approximately 68% of the market, valued at around $10.63 billion, while the wholesale segment held a 32% share, valued at around $4.87 billion. The wholesale colocation market is expected to witness significant growth due to the rising presence of hyperscale cloud service providers in the region.
Intelligent monitoring technologies are being adopted by data center operators in APAC to ensure efficient power infrastructure maintenance and cooling system management. Increasingly, regions with high power costs are turning to microgrid solutions, such as in Japan and the Philippines, to benefit data center operations.
Addressing the challenge of carbon emissions, fuel cells are being installed to enhance data center energy efficiency across the APAC region. Moreover, renewable energy adoption is rapidly increasing, driven by government initiatives and data center operators’ efforts to purchase and produce renewable energy for their facilities.
For example, Taiwan aims to generate 20% of its electricity through renewable sources by 2025, with plans to promote wind and solar PV. The country’s renewable power capacity is expected to exceed 26 GW within the next five years.
In terms of specific projects, CTRL recently constructed an 18 MW data center facility in Hyderabad in 2022. They are also planning to establish 500 edge data centers in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities across India, powered by a 500-acre solar plant.
Sustainability and renewable energy generation have become significant considerations for data center operators when building facilities in the APAC region.
The market is segmented based on various factors, including colocation service, infrastructure, electrical infrastructure, mechanical infrastructure, cooling systems, general construction, tier standards, and region.
Segmentation by Colocation Service
Segmentation by Infrastructure
Segmentation by Electrical Infrastructure
Transfer Switches & Switchgear
Power Distribution Units
Other Electrical Infrastructure
Segmentation by Mechanical Infrastructure
Other Mechanical Infrastructure
Segmentation by Cooling Systems
CRAC & CRAH Units
Cooling Towers, Condensers & Dry Coolers
Economizers & Evaporative Coolers
Other Cooling Units
Segmentation by General Construction
Core & Shell Development
Installation & Commissioning Services
Engineering & Building Design
Fire Detection & Suppression
Segmentation by Tier Standard
Segmentation by Region
Rest of APAC
In the APAC region, the adoption of electrical infrastructure is expected to grow at a rate of approximately 7% year-over-year (YOY). Among the various components of power infrastructure, the generators segment played a significant role in contributing to market revenue through the adoption of DRUPS systems.
Data centers in the APAC region utilize both water-based and air-based cooling techniques. Facilities in countries such as China, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Korea are witnessing an increase in the use of free cooling techniques, including free cooling chillers and evaporative coolers, to efficiently cool their data centers.
When it comes to colocation revenue, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, Australia, and Japan remain the dominant players in the APAC market. While the retail colocation market holds a stronghold, the wholesale colocation market is experiencing rapid growth.
The APAC region continues to be a preferred market for cloud service providers and global colocation providers. The growing demand for on-demand video, mobile gaming, and online content is a significant driving force behind the procurement of colocation data centers in the region.
Countries such as China and Hong Kong, India, Singapore, Australia, Japan, and South Korea are witnessing substantial growth in the adoption of technologies such as artificial intelligence, IoT, virtual reality, online payment systems, and smart solutions. These technologies play a crucial role in attracting data center investments to the region.
Colocation pricing varies significantly across different countries in the APAC region. Markets such as Singapore, Hong Kong, and Japan have the highest colocation pricing compared to other markets in the region.
The major demand for colocation data center facilities in the APAC region comes from telecommunication and internet service providers.
China leads the colocation data center market in the APAC region, accounting for 35% of the investment, followed by Japan, Australia, and other countries.
In Southeast Asia, over 30 colocation data center developments were witnessed in 2021, with a total market investment of over USD 2 billion. Singapore, being a mature market in the region, accounted for around 50% of these investments, followed by Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and other countries.
In January 2022, the Singapore government lifted the moratorium on new data center construction, but with certain conditions to promote the development of more sustainable data centers. Initially, the government had imposed a freeze on the construction of new data centers, which temporarily slowed down capacity growth. However, it is expected that capacity will pick up in the next two to three years.
In 2021, several notable investors were involved in colocation data centers in the APAC region, including Equinix, Digital Realty, AirTrunk Operating, Colt Data Centre Services, Keppel Data Centres, 21Vianet Group, NEC, Global Switch, GDS Services, NTT Communication, Tenglong Holdings Group, Space DC & GIC, and NEXTDC.
Among these investors, GDS Services emerged as a market leader in terms of investment within the APAC data center colocation market. They made significant investments in multiple expansion projects and new constructions throughout China. GDS Services held a market share of approximately 18.3% in the APAC region.
The APAC colocation market has become highly competitive due to the substantial increase in customer demand. As a result, many data center operators are investing in new facilities and expanding their existing data centers.
Various new entrants are also investing in the construction of core and shell properties across the region. These newly constructed facilities are expected to be fully operational within two years of their initial build-out.
Construction contractors such as AECOM, Arup, Aurecon Group, CSF Group, DSCO Group, and PM Group are actively involved in building data centers in the APAC region.
Both global and local construction contractors, engineering firms, and architectural firms have a presence in the region. The growth of the data center market in APAC is expected to create opportunities for local subcontractors in the construction, engineering, and architectural sectors.
Key support infrastructure providers profiled in this report include ABB, Business Overview, Product Offerings, Caterpillar, Cummins, Eaton, Rittal, Schneider Electric, STULZ, Vertiv, Airedale International Air Conditioning, Alfa Laval, Canovate, Delta Electronics, EAE, HITEC Power Protection, Legrand, Rolls-Royce Power Systems, Shenzhen Envicool Technology, Siemens, KOHLER (SDMO), Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Socomec, Trane (Ingersoll Rand).
Key construction contractors profiled in this report include AECOM, Arup, Aurecon, CSF Group, DSCO Group, Gammon Construction, Larsen & Toubro (L&T), PM Group, Studio One Design, NTT Facilities Group, Chung Hing Engineers Group, AWP Architects, BYME Engineering Ltd, Corgan, DPR Construction, Faithful+Gould, Fortis Construction, Hutchinson Builders, ISG, Kienta Engineering, Linesight, LSK Engineering, M+W Group, Nakano Corporation, Obayashi Corporation, Powerware Systems (PWS), Sato Kogyo, Sterling and Wilson (Shapoorji Pallonji Group), Red-Engineering, Turner & Townsend.
Key data center investors profiled in this report include AirTrunk Operating, Digital Realty, Equinix, GDS Services, Global Switch, KDDI, Keppel Data Centers, NEXTDC, NTT Global Data Centers, ST Telemedia Global Data Centers, SUNeVison, Vianet Group.
Key data center colocation service providers profiled in this report include AIMS Data Centre, Bharti Airtel, Big Data Exchange (BDx), Bridge Data Centers, Canberra Data Centers, Chayora, ChinData Group, Colt Data Centre Services (COLT DCS), CtrlS, Iron Mountain, LG Uplus, Mantra Data Centers, Pi Data Centers, Princeton Digital Group (PDG), Regal Orion, Sify Technologies, Space DC, Tenglong Holdings Group, Yotta Infrastructure, VADS.
Key Questions Answered
HOW LARGE IS THE DATA CENTER COLOCATION MARKET IN THE APAC REGION?
The data center colocation market in the APAC region was valued at USD 12.06 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 18.23 billion by 2027.
WHAT IS THE GROWTH RATE OF THE DATA CENTER COLOCATION MARKET IN THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION?
The data center colocation market in the Asia Pacific region is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.13% from 2022 to 2027.
WHO ARE THE MAJOR INVESTORS IN THE DATA CENTER COLOCATION MARKET IN THE APAC REGION?
Key investors in the APAC data center colocation market include AirTrunk Operating, Digital Realty, Equinix, GDS Services, Global Switch, KDDI, Keppel Data Centers, NEXTDC, NTT Global Data Centers, ST Telemedia Global Data Centers, SUNeVision, and Vianet Group.
WHAT ARE THE DRIVING FACTORS BEHIND THE GROWTH OF THE DATA CENTER COLOCATION MARKET IN THE APAC REGION?
The growth of the data center colocation market in the APAC region is attributed to various factors, including the impact of COVID-19 on data center investments, the increasing demand for cloud services and hybrid infrastructure solutions driving colocation services, mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, tax incentives promoting data center growth, and the expansion of inland and submarine connectivity.
WHAT ARE THE CURRENT TRENDS IN THE DATA CENTER COLOCATION MARKET IN THE APAC REGION?
The latest trends in the APAC data center colocation market include the adoption of renewable energy solutions by colocation providers, the uptake of innovative data center technologies, and the increasing investments in edge data centers driven by the deployment of 5G networks.